Frailty Study Highlights Importance of Increased Protein Intake for Older Adults
Frailty-a predominant geriatric affection characterized by means of unintentional weight loss, weakness, fatigue, and degraded manifest activity level-puts elder adults at significantly transcendent jeopardy in regard to falls, fractures, disability, hospitalization, and death. Some analysis has suggested that accelerated protein intake can help guard against frailty in later life, but forthcoming observational studies investigating this affiliation have been deficient. Fulfilling a significant defect in the research, a three-year, emergent peer group discussion announced in the June issue of Journal of the American Geriatrics Society finds that higher protein employment, as a proportion of total caloric input, is, in fact, associated with a strong, independent, and dose-responsive deceleration in precariousness of incident frailty among older adults.
The study, led by Jeannette M. Beasley, PhD, MPH, RD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, followed more than 24,000 women, age 65-79, participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Each of the women were rid of frailty at baseline and affirmed their food intake using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. After three years, Dr. Beasley and coauthors found that 13.5% of the women had become frail. Using a barometer that corrects for falsity by calibrating self-stated protein and energy introduction using recovery biomarkers, the researchers also found that higher protein intake was associated together with lower chance of frailty.
While the Institute of Medicine's Recommended Dietary Allowance for protein is 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day, the study's findings, like those of the 2008 Health, Aging and Body Composition Study, suggest that 1.5 grams per kilogram per day, or 20-25% of total calorie intake, may be more and more advantageous for older adults at risk of becoming frail, Dr. Beasley and colleagues report. However, the relationship between protein intake and extraneous soundness conditions, such as kidney function, need to be examined in advance of recommending changes to the dietary guidelines. Research suggests that ingesting protein during the day is preferable to eating it collectively at one meal, she adds, suggesting that older adults include three or four ounces of lean protein in every meal.
In light of these findings, ensuring that older adults are served meals that comprise a panorama of entreating high-protein foods and stimulating consumption of proper protein seems prudent. To help older folks and their caregivers be acquainted with the magnitude with regard to ensuring acceptable protein intake, the American Geriatrics Society's Foundation for Health in Aging has placed an easy-to-read recount of the new study on its www.healthinaging.org citizens guidance website. The summary, and any additional knowledge on the platform, can be downloaded and shared at no charge. We urge you to convey this information with your patients and their caregivers.